L23 Minna no Nihongo Lesson Notes

Minna no Nihongo L23

Good evening, everyone! みなさんこんばんは! How are you? おげんきですか?
This is L23 Minna no Nihongo Lesson Notes.

In this lesson, we’re going to learn When~, –  and If~, – sentences.
Please check this lesson notes along with the lesson videos below.

Minna no Nihongo L23 Vocabulary and Grammar Lesson videos:

Lesson contents:

When〜, sentence [noun/adj]

     Noun+ / Adj[〜な、]とき、_______。

  • がくせいの、よく りょこうしました。When I was a student, I travelled a lot.
  • 31さいの、けっこんしました。 When I was 31 years old, I got married.
  • ねむい、コーヒーを のみます。   When I’m sleepy, I drink coffee.
  • ひまな、えいがを みます。 When I’m free, I watch movie.
When〜, sentence [verb]

   Verb[plain form]とき、_________。

  • ほんをよむ、めがねをかけますWhen I read books, I wear glasses.
  • テレビをみる、ソファーにすわりますWhen I watch TV, I sit on a sofa.
  • こうさてんをわたる、くるまにきをつけます When I cross a junction, I watch out for cars.
  • よみ方わからないじしょ しらべます。 When I don’t know how to read, I look in a dictionary.

Please compare below each two sentence.

  1. うちをでる時、「いってきます」といいます。When leave house, we say “ittekimasu”.
  2. うちにかえった時、「ただいま」といいます。 When returned home, we say “tadaima”.
  1. ここにくる時、しゃちょうにあいました。When I come here, I met my company president. (met him on the way)
  2. ここにきた時、しゃちょうにあいました。 When I came here, I met my company president.  (met him here)
If〜, sentence 

       Verb [dic.form]、________。

  • ここを おす、おゆが でます。If you press here, hot water come out.
  • これを みぎへ まわす、おとが おおきく なります。If you turn this right, the sound becomes louder.
  • まっすぐ行く、がっこうが あります。  If you go straight, you’ll see the school.
  • このスイッチをおす、でんきがつきます  If you press this switch, the light will on.
  • おさけをのむ、ねむくなります。  If I drink sake, I get sleepy.


Missing any of my previous lessons?
Here is the playlist of Minna no Nihongo series (All lessons for Vocab & Grammar)

The Minna no Nihongo Japanese Video lesson are based on this textbook.
👆I highly recommend for you to have your own copy.
You can order from above image link. 👆

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