L21 Minna no Nihongo Lesson Notes

Minna no Nihongo L21 Japanese quotation phrases

Minasan Konnichiwa! Kazue desu. Ogenki desuka?
This is L21 Minna no Nihongo Lesson Notes.

We’ve learnt Japanese quotation phrases; ~ to omoimasu/iimasu (I think/said “~”)
mainly in this lesson.

Minna no Nihongo L21 Vocabulary and Grammar Lesson videos:

Here are the lesson contents:

โ‘  Describe what I think

ย ย ย  ๏ผˆใ‚ใŸใ—ใฏ๏ผ‰๏ผฟ๏ผฟ๏ผฟ๏ผฟ๏ผฟ๏ผฟใจ ใŠใ‚‚ใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ I think____.

ย ย ย ย ย  (plain form of verb / i-adj / ใƒปใ  for noun/na-adj) ใจ ใŠใ‚‚ใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚

  1. ใ‚ใ—ใŸ ใ‚ใ‚ใŒใตใ‚‹ ใจ ใŠใ‚‚ใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ย ย  I think tomorrow will be rain.
  2. ใ•ใจใ†ใ•ใ‚“ใฏ ใ‚‚ใ† ใ‹ใˆใฃใŸ ใจ ใŠใ‚‚ใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ I think Sato-san already returned home.
  3. ใ‚ใ—ใŸใ‚‚ ใ•ใ‚€ใ„ ใจ ใŠใ‚‚ใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ย  I think tomorrow will be cold as well.
  4. ใ‚„ใพใ ใ•ใ‚“ใฏ ใŒใใ›ใ„ใ  ใจ ใŠใ‚‚ใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ย  I think Yamada-san is a student.
  5. ใ‹ใฎใ˜ใ‚‡ใฎ ใฏใชใ—ใฏ ใปใ‚“ใจใ†ใ  ใจ ใŠใ‚‚ใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ I think her talk is true.
  6. ใƒŸใƒฉใƒผใ•ใ‚“ใฏ ใซใปใ‚“ใ”ใŒ ใงใใ‚‹ ใจ ใŠใ‚‚ใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ I think Miller-san can do Japanese.
  7. ใ‚ใ—ใŸ ใ–ใ‚“ใŽใ‚‡ใ†ใ—ใชใ‘ใ‚Œใฐใชใ‚‰ใชใ„ ใจ ใŠใ‚‚ใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚I think I have to do OT tomorrow.
  8. ใ“ใ“ใฏ ใใคใ‚’ ใฌใŒใชใใฆใ‚‚ใ„ใ„ ใจ ใŠใ‚‚ใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ I think we donโ€™t need to take off our shoes here.

ใŠใ‚‚ใ„ใพใ™ can be change to its tense as you see below too.

๏ผŠใŠใ‚‚ใ„ใพใ™/ ใŠใ‚‚ใ„ใพใ—ใŸ/ ใŠใ‚‚ใ„ใพใ›ใ‚“ /ใŠใ‚‚ใ„ใพใ›ใ‚“ใงใ—ใŸใ€€ใ€€ใ€€

ใ€€(Casual) ใŠใ‚‚ใ†/ ใŠใ‚‚ใฃใŸ/ ใŠใ‚‚ใ‚ใชใ„/ ใŠใ‚‚ใ‚ใชใ‹ใฃใŸ

e.g. ใ•ใจใ†ใ•ใ‚“ใฏ ใ‚‚ใ† ใ‹ใˆใฃใŸ ใจ ใŠใ‚‚ใ„ใพใ—ใŸใ€‚I thought Sato-san already returned home.

 

โ‘ก Describe what I said

ย ย ย ย  (ใ‚ใŸใ—ใฏ๏ผ‰ __(plain form)__ ใจใ„ใ„ใพใ—ใŸใ€‚ I said ___.

  1. ใ‚ใŸใ—ใฏ ใ—ใ‚ƒใกใ‚‡ใ†ใซ ใ‹ใ„ใ—ใ‚ƒใ‚’ ใ‚„ใ‚ใ‚‹ ใจ ใ„ใ„ใพใ—ใŸใ€‚
  2. ใ•ใจใ†ใ•ใ‚“ใซ ใใ‚‹ใพใŒ ใชใ„ ใจ ใ„ใ„ใพใ—ใŸใ€‚
  3. ใจใ‚‚ใ ใกใซ ใ‚ใŸใ—ใŒ ใ—ใ‚Šใ‚‡ใ†ใ‚’ ใคใใฃใŸ ใจ ใ„ใ„ใพใ—ใŸใ€‚
  4. ใ‚ใŸใ—ใฏ ใถใกใ‚‡ใ†ใซ ใ‚„ใ™ใฟใŒ ใปใ—ใ„ ใจ ใ„ใ„ใพใ—ใŸใ€‚
  5. ใ‚„ใพใ ใ•ใ‚“ใซ ใ‚ใฎใƒฌใ‚นใƒˆใƒฉใƒณใฏ ใŠใ„ใ—ใ„ ใจ ใ„ใ„ใพใ—ใŸใ€‚
  6. ใ‹ใฎใ˜ใ‚‡ใซ ใ‚ใŸใ—ใฎ ใ—ใ‚…ใฟใฏ ใคใ‚Šใ  ใจ ใ„ใ„ใพใ—ใŸใ€‚
  7. ใ‚ใŸใ—ใฏ ใ‹ใ‚Œใซ ใ™ใใ  ใจ ใ„ใ„ใพใ—ใŸใ€‚

*”ใ„ใ„ใพใ—ใŸ” can be changed its tense as you see below.

๏ผŠใ„ใ„ใพใ™/ ใ„ใ„ใพใ—ใŸ/ ใ„ใ„ใพใ›ใ‚“/ ใ„ใ„ใพใ›ใ‚“ใงใ—ใŸ

ใ€€ใ„ใ† / ใ„ใฃใŸ / ใ„ใ‚ใชใ„ / ใ„ใ‚ใชใ‹ใฃใŸ

e.g. ใ‚ใŸใ—ใฏ ใ‹ใ‚Œใซ ใ™ใใ  ใจ ใ„ใ‚ใชใ‹ใฃใŸใ€‚ I didn’t said that I liked him.

 

โ‘ข Will you do ~? ย ย ย Isnโ€™t it~?ย ย ย  ~, right? ใ€€-sentences

ย ย ย ย  __(plain form)__ ใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†๏ผŸ

  1. ใ‚ใ—ใŸ ใฏใ‚Œใ‚‹ ใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†๏ผŸ ย Tomorrow will be sunny, right?
  2. ใ‚‰ใ„ใ—ใ‚…ใ† ใ•ใจใ†ใ•ใ‚“ใฎ ใƒ‘ใƒผใƒ†ใ‚ฃใƒผใซใใ‚‹ ใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†๏ผŸ Next week, will you come to Sato-sanโ€™s party?
  3. ใใฎใ† ใ˜ใ‚“ใ˜ใ‚ƒใง ใŠใพใคใ‚ŠใŒ ใ‚ใฃใŸ ใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†๏ผŸ ย  Yesterday, there was a festival at shrine, right?
  4. ใปใฃใ‹ใ„ใฉใ†ใฏ ใŠใ™ใ—ใŒ ใŠใ„ใ—ใ„ ใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†๏ผŸย ย  In Hokkaido, Sushi is delicious, right?
  5. ใใฎใ†ใฏ ใ‚„ใ™ใฟใ ใฃใŸ ใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†๏ผŸย ย ย ย  Yesterday was holiday, right?
  6. ใ‚ใ—ใŸใฏ ใ—ใ”ใจใŒ ใชใ„ ใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†๏ผŸใ€€ใ€€ Tomorrow, you donโ€™t have work, do you?

ใปใใ -Supplement for L21 Grammar:

ใ„ใ‘ใ‚“ใ‚’ ใใใพใ™ใ€‚

Q: ใฉใ†ใŠใ‚‚ใ„ใพใ™ใ‹๏ผŸ What do you think?

ย ย ย ย ย  ใ€œใซใคใ„ใฆใ€ใฉใ†ใŠใ‚‚ใ„ใพใ™ใ‹ใ€‚ What do you think about ~?

Ans: ใ€œใจ ใŠใ‚‚ใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ใ€€ e.g. ใ‚ใŸใ—ใฏใ€ใ„ใ„ใจ ใŠใ‚‚ใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚
ใ‚„ใพใ ใ•ใ‚“ใŒ ใ‚ใ‚‹ใ„ใจ ใŠใ‚‚ใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚

โ‘  Describe what I thinkย  -> Describe what someone thinks

ย ย ย  ๏ผˆใ€œใ•ใ‚“ใฏ๏ผ‰๏ผฟ๏ผฟ๏ผฟ๏ผฟ๏ผฟ๏ผฟใจ ใŠใ‚‚ใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚

ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย  ใŠใ‚‚ใฃใฆใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ ~san thinks ____.

  • ใ•ใจใ†ใ•ใ‚“ใฏใ€ใ‚„ใพใ ใ•ใ‚“ใฏ ใŠใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚ใ„ใจ ใŠใ‚‚ใฃใฆใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚

Sato-san thinks that Yamada-san is funny.

โ‘ก Describe what I said -> Describe what someone said

ย ย ย ย  (ใ€œใ•ใ‚“ใฏ๏ผ‰ __(plain form)__ ใจใ„ใ„ใพใ—ใŸใ€‚ ย ~san said ___.

  • ใ‚„ใพใ ใ•ใ‚“ใฏ ใ•ใจใ†ใ•ใ‚“ใŒ ใ™ใใ  ใจ ใ„ใ„ใพใ—ใŸใ€‚ Yamada-san said he likes Sato-san.
  • ใ‚„ใพใ ใ•ใ‚“ใฏ ใ•ใจใ†ใ•ใ‚“ใซ ใ™ใใ  ใจ ใ„ใ„ใพใ—ใŸใ€‚ Yamada-san said to Sato-san that he likes her.

 

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