L20 Minna no Nihongo Lesson Notes

Minna no Nihongo Grammar Lesson 20

Akemashite Omedetoo gozaimasu! A Happy New Year!
Here is the L20 Minna no Nihongo Lesson Notes.

We’ve learnt Casual Conversation in this lesson. For verb, we use Plain form.
Here are the Lesson contents:

Casual Conversation

โ‘  Plain form of verb

Verb3: ใใพใ™โ†’ใใ‚‹/ใ“ใชใ„/ใใŸ/ใ“ใชใ‹ใฃใŸใ€€ใ€€ใ—ใพใ™โ†’ ใ™ใ‚‹/ใ—ใชใ„/ใ—ใŸ/ใ—ใชใ‹ใฃใŸ
ใ€€ใ€€Verb2:ย  ใŸในใพใ™โ†’ ใŸในใ‚‹/ใŸในใชใ„/ใŸในใŸ/ใŸในใชใ‹ใฃใŸใ€€ใ€€
Verb1:ย  ใ‹ใใพใ™โ†’ ใ‹ใ/ใ‹ใ‹ใชใ„/ใ‹ใ„ใŸ/ใ‹ใ‹ใชใ‹ใฃใŸ

โ‘ก Plain form of ใ„-adj.

e.g.ย ย  ใ—ใ‚ใ„โ†’ ใ—ใ‚ใ„/ใ—ใ‚ใใชใ„/ใ—ใ‚ใ‹ใฃใŸ/ใ—ใ‚ใใชใ‹ใฃใŸ

โ‘ข Plain form of ใช-adj. /Noun

e.g. ใ—ใšใ‹ใช โ†’ ใ—ใšใ‹ใ /ใ—ใšใ‹ใ˜ใ‚ƒใชใ„/ใ—ใšใ‹ใ ใฃใŸ/ใ—ใšใ‹ใ˜ใ‚ƒใชใ‹ใฃใŸ

ใ€€ใ€€ใ€€ย  ใŒใใ›ใ„ โ†’ ใŒใใ›ใ„ใ /ใŒใใ›ใ„ใ˜ใ‚ƒใชใ„/ใŒใใ›ใ„ใ ใฃใŸ/ใŒใใ›ใ„ใ˜ใ‚ƒใชใ‹ใฃใŸ

Ok, Let’s check the Lesson videos ๐Ÿ™‚

Minna no Nihongo L20 Lesson Videos

 

Other Casual Japanese features

1.Making question sentences -> just raise intonation at the end of the sentence w/o ใ‹.
ใƒ“ใƒผใƒซใจใƒฏใ‚คใƒณใ€ใฉใกใ‚‰ใŒใ„ใ„ใงใ™ใ‹๏ผŸใ€€โ†’ใƒ“ใƒผใƒซใจใƒฏใ‚คใƒณใ€ใฉใฃใกใŒใ„ใ„๏ผŸ

2.Sometimes omit particles
ใใฎใ†ใ€ใฆใ‚“ใทใ‚‰ใ‚’ใŸในใพใ—ใŸใ€‚โ†’ ใใฎใ†ใ€ใฆใ‚“ใทใ‚‰ ใŸในใŸใ€‚
ใ‚ณใƒผใƒ’ใƒผใŒใ™ใใงใ™ใ‹ใ€‚โ†’ย  ใ‚ณใƒผใƒ’ใƒผใ€ใ™ใ๏ผŸ

3.Drop ใ„ for progressive form or statement ๏ผˆใ€œใฆใ„ใพใ™ โ†’ใ€œใฆใ„ใ‚‹ โ†’ ใ€œใฆใ‚‹๏ผ‰
e.g. ใ—ใฃใฆใ„ใพใ™ -> ใ—ใฃใฆใ‚‹ใ€€ใ€€ใ‘ใฃใ“ใ‚“ใ—ใฆใ‚‹ใ€€ ใ€€ใ„ใพใ€ใญใฆใ‚‹

4.Making invitation sentence -> ใชใ„form with raising intonation.
ใ‚ณใƒผใƒ’ใƒผใ€ใฎใพใชใ„๏ผŸใ€€ใ€€ใ“ใ†ในใธ ใ‚ใใณใซ ใ„ใ‹ใชใ„๏ผŸ

5.Use ending particles: ใญใ€ใฎใ€ใ‚ˆ (ใญ and ใ‚ˆ are used in ใพใ™form too)

ใญ: Confirmation. Share the same feeling. Expecting you to agree.

ใฎ: Emphasize the question. Rather surprise or disagree.
ใ„ใ๏ผŸย  ใ„ใใฎ๏ผŸใ€€ใ€€ใŸในใ‚‹๏ผŸใ€€ใŸในใ‚‹ใฎ๏ผŸ

ใ‚ˆ: telling information. (expecting your response, or just reply.)

ใ„ใใ‚ˆใ€‚ใ€€ ใใฎใ†ใ€ใฆใ‚“ใทใ‚‰ใŸในใŸใ‚ˆใ€‚ใ€€ ใ‚ใฎใˆใ„ใŒใ€ใ‚‚ใ†ใฟใŸ๏ผŸใ€€ใ†ใ‚“ใ€ใฟใŸใ‚ˆใ€‚

Questions in the Grammar Video & their example answer ๐Ÿ™‚ย 

1.ใซใปใ‚“ใฏ ใ™ใ๏ผŸย  ย โ†’ ใ†ใ‚“ใ€ใ™ใใ€‚

ใซใปใ‚“ใฎใ€ใฉใ“ใŒใ„ใกใฐใ‚“ใ™ใ๏ผŸใ€€ใ€€โ†’ ใŠใŠใ•ใ‹ใ€‚

2.ใƒ“ใƒผใƒซใจใƒฏใ‚คใƒณใ€ใฉใฃใกใŒๅฅฝใ๏ผŸใ€€โ†’ ใƒ“ใƒผใƒซใ€‚

3.ใ„ใพใ€้›จใตใฃใฆใ‚‹๏ผŸใ€€โ†’ใ†ใ‚“ใ€ใตใฃใฆใ‚‹ใ€‚/ ใ†ใ†ใ‚“ใ€ใตใฃใฆใชใ„ใ€‚

4.ใใ†ใ€‚ใ‹ใ•่ฆใ‚‹๏ผŸใ€€โ†’ใ†ใ‚“ใ€ใ„ใ‚‹ใ€‚ใ‚ใ‚ŠใŒใจใ†ใ€‚ / ใ‚ใ€ใ ใ„ใ˜ใ‚‡ใ†ใถใ€‚ใ‚‚ใฃใฆใ‚‹ใ‹ใ‚‰ใ€‚

5.ใฉใ“ใซ ใ™ใ‚“ใงใ‚‹๏ผŸใ€€โ†’ ใจใ†ใใ‚‡ใ†ใซ ใ™ใ‚“ใงใ‚‹ใ€‚

6.ใ‚นใƒšใ‚คใƒณ่ชžใ€ใ‚ใ‹ใ‚‹๏ผŸใ€€ใ˜ใ‚ƒใ‚ใ€ใŠใ—ใˆใฆ๏ผ ใ€€โ†’ใ†ใ‚“ใ€ใ‚ใ‹ใ‚‹ใ€‚ใ€€ใ„ใ„ใ‚ˆใ€‚

7.ใŠใ„ใ—ใ„ใ‚ณใƒผใƒ’ใƒผใŒใ‚ใ‚‹ใ‘ใฉใ€ใฎใพใชใ„๏ผŸใ€€โ†’ใ†ใ‚“ใ€ใฎใ‚€ใ€‚ใ‚ใ‚ŠใŒใจใ†ใ€‚

 

Missing any of my previous lessons?
Here is the playlist of Minna no Nihongo series (All lessons for Vocab & Grammar)

The Minna no Nihongo Japanese Video lesson are based on this textbook.
๐Ÿ‘†I highly recommend for you to have your own copy.
You can order from above image link. ๐Ÿ‘†

Hope you enjoy this Minna no Nihongo L20 Lesson Notes
-Kazue